Home Trending Maha Shivratri 2023: Date, Time, Story, History and Significance

Maha Shivratri 2023: Date, Time, Story, History and Significance

18 Jan, 2023 by Parita Soni

Maha Shivratri 2023: Date, Time, Story, History and Significance

18 Jan, 2023 by Parita Soni

Maha Shivratri is one of the favorite and prominent festivals of the devotees of Lord Shiva. Mahashivratri meaning is the unification of knowledge and energy, as it is the day when Goddess Parvati united with Lord Shiva. It also marks the memory of “overpowering ignorance and darkness” in the world. The name, Maha Shivratri, refers to the night when Lord Shiva performed the divine dance. 

Shivratri falls every lunisolar month on Trayodashi or Chaturdashi of Krishna Paksha, while Maha Shivratri fast occurs only once a year in Phalguna, or say, February or March. Celebrations in the form of fairs, puja and gatherings are held across the country on this day. The Mahashivratri meaning that is derived when translated is ‘The great night of Shiva’. 

Maha Shivratri 2023: Date and Time

The details of Maha Shivaratri puja muhurat are as follows:

Details of Mahashivratri 2023

Date & Time

Maha Shivratri 2023

Saturday February 18, 2023

Chaturdashi Tithi Begins

February 18, 2023 08:02 pm 

Chaturdashi Tithi Ends

February 19, 2023 04:18 pm 

Nishita Kaal Puja Time 

February 19 12:16 am to 01:06 am 

Mahashivratri 2023 Parna Time

February 19 06:57 am to 03:33 pm 

Ratri First Prahar Puja Time

06:13 PM to 09:24 PM

Ratri Second Prahar Puja Time

February 19, 09:24 PM to 12:35 AM

Ratri Third Prahar Puja Time

February 19, 12:35 AM to 03:46 AM

Ratri Fourth Prahar Puja Time

February 19, 03:46 AM to 06:56 AM

Visit: Shubh Choghadiya Muhurat for Mahashivratri Puja

Importance of Mahashivratri 

The Mahashivratri meaning is different for different individuals. The individuals involved in the grihastha phase of their lives mark the fest as a day of triumph over the enemies, while the importance of Mahashivratri for those observing spirituality is altogether exceptional. The wedding of Lord Shiva and Parvati is also a vital aspect of this day. In order to have a successful marriage just like Shiva and Parvati, the devotees keep fast too. It is also considered that this was the day when the lord became Adi Yogi, the first guru of the Yogis. 

Also See: Rahu Kalam Timing

Samudra Manthan, the massive legendary churning of the ocean by the gods and demons in search of the nectar of immortality, is described in another Hindu mythology. However, at first, the toxin "Halahala" was produced. Lord Shiva saved humanity by consuming the poison by storing it in his throat. Because of this reason, his throat turned blue, and he was called Neelkanth. Maha Shivratri is therefore also observed as a day of gratitude to Lord Shiva for rescuing the earth from the deadly poison.

Astrological Importance of Mahashivratri 

Just before the Amavas, comes Mahashivratri. Vedic Astrology states that the moon is weak during this time because it is jammed between two unfavorable planets. When the Spiritual Guru, Jupiter parallels the Moon by the fifth Drishti, it renders strength for spiritual work at that exact time. 

During Mahashivratri, Jupiter is in the 12th house, which encourages a break from materialistic existence, knowledge of the spiritual path that pervades human existence, and freedom from the cycle of birth and death. Mahashivratri fast for Lord Shiva energizes your Moon and points you in the direction of salvation.

Surya Dev arrives in Uttarayana before Mahashivratri, meaning it is time for the season to change and bring in spring. The spring fills the mind with happiness, passion, and joy. During this time, Lord Shiva also brought Kamadeva into existence. The only way to manage the passionate feelings that are produced during this time is to worship Lord Shiva. Vedic astrologers believe that there is a close connection between the 12 Jyotirlinga and the 12 Moon signs.

Maha Shivratri Story

The story narrates the salvation attained by a common hunter who accidentally fasted on Mahashivratri. To find prey, the hunter entered the jungle. He was unaware that there was a Shiva Lingam under the tree or that it was Mahashivratri. The hunter plucked leaves from the tree and started placing them on Lingam as he waited for his target. 

maha shivratri

A deer arrived to drink water in the first quarter of the day. The animal was then waiting for its children when the hunter attempted to shoot it. The animal begged for mercy, and the hunter released it. The fawns arrived in the next quarter of the day, and the hunter chose not to kill them out of sympathy. 

As a result, the hunter went without eating for all four quarters while continuously dropping Bilva-Patra on the lingam. According to the story, the hunter found salvation when Lord Shiva himself stood before him.

Maha Shivaratri Pooja Vidhi

The Maha Shivaratri pooja vidhi is performed during the Nishita Kaal according to the Maha Shivaratri puja muhurat as per the below-mentioned rituals. You can perform the puja yourself or also call the astrologers or saints for the same. 

  • Take a bath and wear clean clothes.
  • Sit in a peaceful place and meditate.
  • Take a chowki, cover it with fresh white cloth, and place the idol of Lord Shiva or Shivling.
  • Light a lamp and then sprinkle some water on the feet of the Lord.
  • Offer arghya to the idol. 
  • Perform achamana and do abhishek of the idol using Ganga Jal, curd and honey.
  • Cover the idol with clean clothes
  • Offer Kalava, Janeu and some akshat to the idol.
  • Apply sandalwood paste & perfume on the idol.
  • Light incense sticks and offer dhatura, bel patra, fruits & flowers. 
  • Offer the bhog or Naivedhya and do parikrama starting by turning to your left. 
  • So the aarti and conclude by pushpanjali.


As narrated in the Maha Shivaratri story, performing the Mahashivratri vrat vidhi is considered quite auspicious. It helps an individual to purify his soul, attain a long and satisfying life, attain knowledge, heal diseases, attain wealth as well as health and also attain salvation. Hence, all the devotees willing to avail of the benefits should observe fast on mahashivratri 2023.

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